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Mattis sends Trump recommendations on trans soldiers. This timeline shows how we got here.

Donald Trump James Mattis
President Donald J. Trump departs from the Pentagon alongside Secretary of Defense James Mattis on Jan. 27, 2017, in Washington, D.C. Photo: DOD photo by U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt. Jette Carr

Defense Secretary James Mattis has reportedly forwarded his recommendations on transgender soldiers in the military to President Donald Trump, seven months after he attempted to ban them via tweet.

While the details of those recommendations remain unknown, the Washington Examiner has said officials confirmed they have been sent, as the White House had previously said would take place today.

The White House will take the recommendations into consideration, and then make the final decision on what the policy should entail.

While we wait, let’s take a look at how we got here.

Obama Administration Ends Transgender Military Ban

On June 30, 2016, the Pentagon announced it would end its ban on transgender people serving in the military, to take effect October 1 of that year.

“Americans who want to serve and can meet our standards should be afforded the opportunity to compete to do so,” said then-Defense Secretary Ash Carter. “Our mission is to defend this country, and we don’t want barriers unrelated to a person’s qualification to serve preventing us from recruiting or retaining the soldier, sailor, airman, or Marine who can best accomplish the mission.”

Pentagon Announces Plan to Delay Enlistments

The Trump administration signaled early that it would not take the same approach to the issue of trans people in the military in the same way as the Obama administration.

Each branch of the military was supposed to come up with a plan for recruiting openly transgender people by July 1, 2017. Instead, the Pentagon announced that it would delay enlistments for another six months.

“We will use this additional time to evaluate more carefully the impact of such accessions on readiness and lethality,” Mattis wrote in a memo. “This action in no way presupposes the outcome of the review.”

Trump Tweets His Trans Ban

Just over three weeks later, Trump took to Twitter to take matters into his own hands. Claiming to have consulted “with my Generals and military experts,” Trump “advised that the United States Government will not accept or allow Transgender [sic] individuals to serve in any capacity in the U.S. Military.”

“Our military must be focused on decisive and overwhelming victory and cannot be burdened with the tremendous medical costs and disruption that transgender in the military would entail,” he added.

Since the president cannot rule by fiat via tweet storm, this only further complicated the issue, setting off a legal showdown.

Poll Shows Most Americans Disagree With Trump’s Ban

An opinion poll conducted by Reuters shortly after Trump tweeted out his supposed ban showed that most Americans did not agree with his position.

58 percent of adults agreed with the statement, “Transgender people should be allowed to serve in the military,” and only 27 percent disagreed.

43 percent of respondents said the ban would have “no impact” on military capabilities, and just 22 percent said it made the country “less capable.” Almost a third said the ban would “hurt morale.”

Military Leaders Criticize the Ban

Admiral Paul Zukunft, the Commandant of the United States Coast Guard, came out against banning transgender people from the military on August 1, while speaking the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He said he would “not break faith” with trans service members.

He personally reached out to the 13 Coast Guardsmen that have self-identified as transgender when the news broke that the Trump administration was targeting them for discrimination.

56 retired generals and admirals came out against the ban on the same day as Zukunft made his comments.

The former military leaders released a public statement, saying “President Trump seeks to ban transgender service members because of the financial cost and disruption associated with transgender military service. We respectfully disagree, and consider these claims to be without merit.”

Navy Secretary Richard V. Spencer also pushed back.

“We will process and take direction of a policy that is developed by the [Defense] secretary [with] direction from the president and march out smartly,” he told reporters. “On a fundamental basis, any patriot that wants to serve and meets all the requirements should be able to serve in our military.”

Former Army secretary Eric Fanning said he worried that the ban would result in transgender people facing harassment.

“The military is a very professional organization. It’s also a very young organization. And here the commander-in-chief is essentially saying it’s okay to discriminate against this group of people. So I worry about how that message is being received, particularly by young people in uniform. And I worry about the environment that creates for open trans service members,” Fanning, the country’s first openly gay Army secretary.

The Pentagon’s top military officer, Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Joseph Dunford, told members of the Senate Armed Services Committee during his reappointment hearing, on September 26, it was his belief “that any individual who meets the physical and mental standards…should be afforded the opportunity to continue to serve.”

Legal Challenges Mounted

Five active duty transgender service members filed the first lawsuit against the transgender military ban in early August.

That was just the start, as two more lawsuits followed, bringing the total to three different suits filed in federal court against the Trump administration over its ban.

Meanwhile, a legislative attempt for a bipartisan effort through the amendment process to stop the ban, brought forward by Senators Kirsten Gillibrand and Susan Collins, was blocked from getting a vote.

Trump Administration Loses in Federal Court, Again & Again

The Trump administration has so far fared poorly in the courts.

U.S. District Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly ruled in late October that the transgender military members who have filed suit are likely to win their case, and so barred the Trump administration from changing policy in the meantime.

The administration filed an appeal on November 21, the same day a second federal judge blocked the attempted ban. It would go on to lose that appeal.

U.S. District Judge Marvin Garbis said transgender people serving in the military have “demonstrated that they are already suffering harmful consequences,” since the president first tweeted out news of the change in policy.

Garbis’ ruling went a step further, preventing against the blocking of funding for gender confirmation surgery. Earlier in the month, the Pentagon agreed to pay for an active-duty transgender soldier’s gender confirmation surgery, the first such procedure approved under a waiver.

“Because this service member had already begun a sex-reassignment course of treatment, and the treating doctor deemed this surgery medically necessary, a waiver was approved by the director of the Defense Health Agency,” the Pentagon. “The Supplemental Health Care Program will cover this surgery in accordance with the Department’s interim guidance on transgender Service members.”

The administration filed for an emergency stay in December to try to delay the court order by Kollar-Kotelly that instructed the military to allow trans soldiers to enlist beginning on January 1.

Also in December, a third federal court ruled against the ban. U.S. District Judge Marsha Pechman wrote that “defendants have failed to demonstrate that the policy prohibiting transgender individuals from serving openly is substantially related to important government interests,” and that it therefore “does not survive intermediate scrutiny.”

Transgender Soldier Enlistment Begins

Despite its best efforts, the Trump administration finally accepted that it would have to allow trans soldiers to enlist beginning on January 1 of this year.

Trump Administration Not Done Fighting For Ban

The administration is not rolling over, however. It has continued to fight for the ban.

Earlier this month, it said it would not be turning over information relevant to the case, as it would be unveiling and defending a new policy regarding transgender soldiers.

Garbis revealed the administration’s plans in a a brief ruling on when the government was required to turn over that information.

Justice Department lawyers told the judge they would not be able to turn over that information, as “they will not be defending the policy now at issue but will be defending the policy to be disclosed on February 21, 2018.”

ABC reports that the Pentagon confirmed today that it would make the recommendations available sometime this week.

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