LGBTQ Nation Quiz for World AIDS Day 2023

Which of these famous works on HIV/AIDS was released first?

1. Jonathan Demme's dramatic film "Philadelphia" starring Tom Hanks and Denzel Washington
2. Randy Shilts' non-fiction book "And the Band Played On"
3. Elton John and Bernie Taupin's “The Last Song”
4. Tony Kushner's play "Angels in America Part One: Millennium Approaches"

Randy Shilts' non-fiction book "And the Band Played On"

Gay journalist Randy Shilts' And the Band Played On was published in 1987, providing the first definitive, in-depth account of the politics and activists involved in the AIDS epidemic. Elton John's and Bernie Taupin's “The Last Song,” a heartfelt ballad about a dying man reuniting with his estranged father, was released in 1992.

The first part of Tony Kushner's play Angels in America and Jonathan Demme's dramatic film Philadelphia both premiered in 1993. Both provided humane and complex depictions of AIDS patients and their loved ones, helping mainstream audiences feel the emotional and personal costs of the epidemic.

The President's Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) provides U.S. funds to fight the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Which president championed and launched it?

1. Barack Obama
2. Donald Trump
3. George W. Bush
4. Bill Clinton

George W. Bush

In his memoirs, Bush wrote that he and his wife, Laura Bush, read Alex Haley's Roots and visited The Gambia in 1990, both of which led to them developing an interest in helping improve conditions in Africa. Later, Condoleeza Rice got him interested in fighting the AIDS epidemic in Africa.

PEPFAR has provided around $90 billion in funding for treatment, prevention, and research on HIV/AIDS since it was started in 2003.

In 2017, Bush urged Donald Trump to not cut funds to PEPFAR.

Bobbi Campbell is thought to be the first known person in the U.S. to publicly come out as HIV-positive. What else is he famous for?

1. Co-founding the People with AIDS movement
2. Co-writing one of the first known safe-sex manuals
3. All of these
4. Becoming the "AIDS Poster Boy"

All of these

After his AIDS diagnosis in October 1981, Campbell — a nurse — decided to raise awareness by becoming an "AIDS Poster Boy," sharing his experience, providing medical advice, and putting a face to the epidemic. He later joined the drag nun community service group, The Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence. With them, he co-wrote the first known safe-sex manual. He then later co-founded the People with AIDS movement, which encouraged AIDS patients to fight for their own dignity. He appeared many times in media and spoke publicly about AIDS until his 1984 death at age 32.

Which of these is a symbol of support for people living with HIV?

1. Green cross
2. Blue heart
3. Orange square
4. Red ribbon

Red ribbon

The red ribbon was developed by artists in New York City in 1991 to raise awareness about HIV. The red ribbon, which takes visual inspiration from the yellow ribbons people used to support the U.S. military during the Gulf War, became one of the most recognizable symbols in the country and was used by celebrities and politicians to show their support for people living with HIV and to raise awareness about the epidemic.

What is the name of the game-changing drug regimen that can stop HIV transmission and is contributing to significant drops in new diagnoses?

1. ART
2. PrEP
3. AZT
4. NRTI

PrEP

Commonly known as pre-exposure prophylactics, PrEP is taken by hundreds of thousands of U.S. men who have sex with other men. PrEP is so effective that Amsterdam, which has heavily invested in PrEP, only had nine new cases of HIV reported in 2022.

Scientists believe about a half dozen people may have been cured of HIV worldwide. What procedure did these patients undergo that led to their potential cure?

1. Nephrectomy (removing a kidney)
2. Splenectomy
3. Bone marrow transplant
4. Bypass surgery

Bone marrow transplant

 

Patients who have received this type of treatment did so due to having developed cancer. In February of this year, "strong evidence" showed a man known as the “Düsseldorf patient” was cured of the virus after a bone marrow transplant intended to treat leukemia in 2013. The procedure replaced his bone marrow cells with those of a donor with a mutated gene for the CCR5 protein, which is found in white blood cells. HIV uses the protein to enter the cell, but it cannot attach to the mutated version.

LGBTQ Nation recently published a story about an immunologist taking a new route to find an HIV vaccine. Which type of technology is he relying on in his research?

1. mRNA
2. Artificial Intelligence
3. Immunotherapy
4. Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology

Jui-Lin Chen, 32, is currently a postdoctoral research fellow in pediatrics at New York’s Weill Cornell Medical College, where he and colleagues explore the use of nanomaterials to research the elusive HIV vaccine. In vaccines, nanomaterials may help increase immunity against a target pathogen and stabilize antigens. According to Chen, the novel technology has become increasingly popular in immunology circles over the past decade.

Why did ACT UP activists hold a "die-in" protest at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City in 1989?

1. To force Catholic hospitals to stop turning away AIDS patients
2. To oppose the local cardinal's homophobia and opposition to condoms
3. To shame the Pope into advocating for kindness for people living with HIV
4. To send a message to President Ronald Reagan, who was attending mass there

To oppose the local cardinal's homophobia and opposition to condoms

The AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) held its "Stop the Church" protest to oppose Cardinal John Joseph O'Connor's homophobia as well as his opposition to safe-sex education in schools and condom distribution. The protesters blew whistles, chanted slogans, chained themselves to pews, and threw condoms in the air — resulting in 111 arrests and condemnation by the church and some gay community members.

What year did the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) finally change its definition of AIDS symptoms to include gynecological symptoms found only in women and some transgender men?

1. 1998
2. 1987
3. 1982
4. 1993

1993

The CDC revised its definition of AIDS symptoms to include gynecological symptoms in 1993, after years of protest from women with HIV and female medical professionals. Prior to then, the CDC's symptoms had accounted for symptoms found in gay men, hemophiliacs, and infants born with HIV. Women activists blamed numerous U.S. federal health agencies for refusing to fund studies into women with HIV and then continuing to exclude female symptoms due to a lack of research data. As a result, before 1993, women with HIV were unable to access disability benefits related to the virus.

The Supreme Court ruled in 1998 that the Americans with Disabilities Act protects people living with HIV from discrimination. What did the case involve?

1. A tech corporation that fired an HIV positive employee
2. A Catholic school kicked out a student whose father had HIV
3. A landlord who kicked out a family where the mother was HIV positive
4. A dentist who refused to treat an HIV positive patient

A dentist who refused to treat an HIV positive patient

Dentist Randon Bragdon refused to fill a cavity for Sidney Abbott, saying that he was worried that he would get HIV. His lawyers claimed in court that, since Abbott didn't have AIDS, she didn't qualify for protections under the ADA, which defines a disability as something that limits "major life activities."

The Supreme Court decided in a 5-4 decision in Bragdon v. Abbott that symptoms aren't necessary for protection under the ADA  because procreation and sexual relations count as "major life activities." 

All 10 questions completed!


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LGBTQ Nation Quiz for World AIDS Day 2023

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