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Nicolosi is a psychologist and author of A Parent’s Guide To Preventing Homosexuality. He is also a founder of the National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH), which claims homosexuality is caused by psychological trauma or other “aberrations” experienced in childhood.
He has been one of the most ardent champions of conversion therapy, also known as “reparative” or “ex-gay” therapy.
Doyle is a conversion therapist who leads the International Healing Foundation, founded by self-described “king of touch” Richard Cohen. The American Counseling Association permanently expelled Cohen in 2002 for multiple ethical violations.
His conversion therapies include violently beating effigies of parents and “father-son holding” between clients and their counselors, several of whom claim to have overcome homosexuality.
Phelan is a previous leader of NARTH’s “Scientific Advisory Committee,” which produces no scientific research but promotes discredited pseudo-scientific studies. The defendants planned for Phelan to testify that conversion therapy is effective based on a bibliography of studies, including ones where “treatments” included lobotomies and electro-shock.
Article continues belowDuring his deposition, he testified he made no attempt to assess the validity of the studies he compiled but merely accepted their conclusions at face value.
The defendants also wanted Diggs to testify that homosexuality is an “unhealthy lifestyle” of misery and disease.
According to the lawsuit, JONAH counselors used abusive and discredited techniques. Counselors instructed young men to undress and stand naked in a circle with a counselor. They organized group activities in which clients were directed to reenact past abuse. The group’s violent role-play exercises and therapeutic techniques alienated some clients from their families and taught them to blame family members (or themselves) for being gay.