The bill, filed Wednesday, adds gender identity to the existing list of protected nondiscrimination categories, including race, age, marital status, creed, color, sex, handicap, sexual orientation and national origin.
The bill would prohibit discrimination against a person on the basis of gender identity in housing, employment, public works contracting, public accommodations, and insurance.
Lisa Goodman, president of Equality Delaware, a group that advocates for LGBTr rights, says the gender identity bill is long overdue.
“In today’s society, it still takes a tremendous amount of courage to say, ‘I’m going to live as my true self,'” Goodman said.
Under current law, people can be fired from their jobs, denied housing, and turned away from service at restaurants and hotels because of their gender identity, Goodman said.
Goodman said transgender people are currently not protected by Delaware’s existing prohibition of discrimination based on sexual orientation.
“Gender identity has absolutely nothing to do with sexual orientation,” she said, adding that transgender people can be straight or gay.
Nicole Theis, executive director of the conservative Delaware Family Policy Council, urged lawmakers, who approved same-sex marriage earlier this month, to defeat what she called “the bathroom bill.”
“By passing genderless marriage, our legislature fundamentally changed our social order and moved us closer to a genderless society,” Theis said in an email. “Now same-sex marriage opponents want to pass a Bathroom Bill that redefines gender and gives legal protections to predators and endangers our children.”
Theis said that under the legislation, “any man who claims to feel, express, or identify himself as a woman has a legal right to any public ladies restroom, locker room, showers, or fitting room in our state.”
Article continues belowBut Sarah McBride, 22, a transgender woman, said public facilities can make “reasonable accommodations,” such as private changing facilities or partitioned areas, to avoid problems.
McBride said its time for the General Assembly to ensure that Delawareans are treated fairly.
“We should be judged on our merits, not our identity,” she said.
Democratic Gov. Jack Markell, who signed the same-sex marriage bill, supports the effort to prohibit gender-identity discrimination.
“The governor believes that discrimination on the basis of gender or gender identity is inherently wrong and supports legislation to prohibit it,” said Markell spokeswoman Cathy Rossi.
The bill, similar to legislation passed in 16 other states, includes a provision stating that employers could still require workers to adhere to reasonable appearance, grooming and dress standards “except that an employer shall allow an employee to appear, groom and dress consistent with the employee’s gender identity.”
The bill also would require educational institutions to provide “reasonable accommodations” to permit access by transgender people to such facilities as single-sex student dormitories, fraternities, sororities, and other housing.
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