A new study by the Williams Institute found that more than half of LGBTQ adults in the U.S. have experienced threats of violence and more than one-third have been the victims of actual violence.
Of the 42% of respondents who said they were physically attacked, hit, beaten, or sexually assaulted, 48% identified as transgender, compared to 46% who identified as LBQ cis women and 34% who identified as GBQ cis men.
Of the 75% of respondents who said someone has thrown an object at them, 76% were transgender, 76% were GBQ cis men, and 74% were LBQ cis women.
The study also found that 75% of LBQ cis women, 75% of GBQ cis men, and 70% of transgender respondents had been bullied before age 18.
The data relies on what the study’s authors call “the first nationally representative dataset to focus on LGBTQ people in an investigator-designed survey,” meaning those in charge of the survey could “ask questions specifically geared to the LGBTQ population, in addition to general questions relevant to the whole population that are typically included in national and regional studies.”
Past studies on the LGBTQ community have been more limited, the authors explained in the report, and often work with smaller sample sizes or else have limited access to random samples of the LGBTQ population.
In addition to violence against the LGBTQ community, the study examined LGBTQ employment, housing, religious affiliation, stressful life events, and more.
It found that more than 15% of LGBTQ people had recently experienced housing instability (meaning they moved three or more times in two years), and also that 61% of LGBTQ people had partners.
Unsurprisingly, it also found that transgender people were the greatest victims of housing discrimination. 17% of transgender respondents experienced housing challenges, compared to 8% of LBQ cis women and 7% of GBQ cis men.
Large percentages also reported experiencing everyday discrimination, which can manifest in the form of microaggressions or any other way that one is treated with less respect than others.
56% of transgender respondents, 48% of LBQ cis women, and 34% of GBQ cis men said they have experienced this lack of respect.