News (USA)

Florida has new laws on same-sex marriage and a Confederate statue

Florida has new laws on same-sex marriage and a Confederate statue
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) — Confederate Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith’s time representing Florida in the U.S. Capitol is coming to an end while clergy will be able to say no to gay weddings under new laws approved by Gov. Rick Scott on Thursday.

Scott signed a bill that requires Smith’s statue in the National Statuary Hall be replaced. Another among the more than two dozen he signed puts into law language that specifies clergy don’t have to marry same-sex couples — a right many said is already protected under state law and the U.S. Constitution.

Among other new laws: Florida will boycott companies that boycott Israel, disabled veterans will get free parking at public airports and Floridians will be able to designate a custodian to access and manage their social media, email and online financial accounts when they die or become incapacitated.

But the replacement of Smith and the so-called pastor protection bill were easily the two most talked about among the batch of bills.

Hours were spent debating the pastor protection bill in committee and on the chamber floors, with Republicans saying they wanted to give peace of mind to church leaders who fear societal changes could force them to marry gay couples against their religious beliefs. Democrats questioned the motivations behind the measure, saying clergy already can choose not to marry any couple, gay or not. It was seen as making a political statement against gay marriage, and supporters acknowledged the bill was a result of the U.S. Supreme Court decision legalizing gay marriage.

“It’s totally unnecessary and it’s also motivated by a disapproval of same sex couples,” said Carlos Guillermo Smith, spokesman for the gay rights group Equality Florida. “We had to go through this divisive exercise in political posturing that was a giant waste of time.”

Some Republican legislators objected to the bill that will replace Smith’s statue, saying it was an attempt to erase Southern history. Smith is famous largely as the last Confederate officer to surrender a significant force at the end of the Civil War, nearly two months after Robert E. Lee’s April 9, 1865, surrender at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.

Each state is allowed two statues in the Capitol. John Gorrie, whose inventions led to modern air conditioning and refrigeration, also represents Florida in the Capitol. The Department of State’s Division of historical resources will provide three recommendations to replace Smith.

And a new law that took effect when Scott signed the bill will force the State Board of Administration to identify companies that boycott Israel and then notify them they are on a “scrutinized companies” list. The board is responsible for managing the state’s retirement fund.

If the companies continue to boycott Israel, the board would not be allowed to invest in them. It would also place limits on state agencies from contracting with companies on the list.

The push to take action against companies that boycott Israel is a reaction to a global movement backed by pro-Palestinian groups.

“The state of Florida will not waver in our support of Israel, one of our greatest allies and friends. The Boycott, Divestment and Sanction movement is fueled by anti-Semitism, and has no place in Florida or any part of the world that values freedom and democracy,” Scott said in release announcing the bill signing.

Another new law will allow people to use food stamps to buy fresh produce at farmers markets, flea markets and similar open air venues.

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