WASHINGTON — A new report released this week by the Human Rights Campaign Foundation found that many U.S. cities lack sufficient protections for LGBT people, even in some the “bluest” states with progressive reputations.
The Municipal Equality Index (MEI), the first ever rating system of LGBT inclusion in municipal law, reported that while many U.S. cities lag behind in protections for LGBT people, some of the most LGBT-friendly policies in the country have been innovated and implemented at the municipal level, including in states with laws that are unfriendly to the LGBT community.
The MEI was issued by the Human Rights Campaign Foundation, the educational arm of the nation’s largest LGBT civil rights organization, in partnership with the Equality Federation Institute and the Gay and Lesbian Victory Institute.
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Key findings from the MEI create a snapshot of LGBT equality in 137 municipalities of varying sizes drawn from every state in the nation – these include the 50 state capitals, the 50 most populous cities in the country, and the 25 large, 25 mid-size, and 25 small municipalities with the highest proportion of same-sex couples.
According to the report, the 11 cities that earned a perfect 100-point score serve as shining examples of LGBT inclusivity, with excellent policies ranging from non-discrimination laws, equal employee benefits, and cutting-edge city services. This cities are: Boston, Cambridge, Mass., Long Beach, Calif., Los Angeles, New York City, Philadelphia, Portland, Ore., San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle and St. Louis.
Key findings from the MEI report include:
- Eleven of the 137 cities surveyed earned a perfect score of 100 points – these cities came from both coasts and in between, were of varying sizes, and not all are in states with favorable laws for LGBT people;
- A quarter of the cities rated scored over 80 points;
- 45 percent of cites surveyed obtained a score of 60 or higher;
- Nearly a third of cites scored between 40 and 60 points, showing good intentions on behalf of municipal governments but also opportunity for improvement; and
- Just under a quarter of the cities scored less than 20 points, including eight cities that scored under ten points and three that scored zero.
“Our nation is on an irreversible path forward in LGBT equality and local and state-level advocacy ensures our voices are heard in public squares across the country” said HRC President Chad Griffin. “This index gives advocates and municipal lawmakers a potent tool to improve the lives of LGBT people.”
The MEI rated cities based on 47 criteria falling under six broad categories: Non-discrimination laws; relationship recognition; the municipality’s employment practices; inclusiveness of city services; law enforcement; and municipal leadership.
“Advances at the local level are often unheralded, but they are critical to building the momentum we need for statewide and federal victories,” said Rebecca Isaacs, Executive Director of Equality Federation Institute. “The Municipal Equality Index not only recognizes the remarkable progress that state equality groups and local partners have made in cities and towns across the country, but is a powerful tool to help push local governments to do better.”