The Rong, who are the original inhabitants of Sikkim, the former independent nation in the Himalayas between Nepal and Bhutan, believe that homosexuality in men is the result of eating the flesh of a non-castrated pig, but they give no reason.
As an aside, eating an inadequate diet has been assumed to give rise to masturbation. The health food advocate John Harvey Kellogg, who argued for sexual abstinence stated, “…neither the plague, nor war, nor small-pox, nor similar diseases, have produced results as disastrous to humanity as the pernicious habit of onanism [masturbation – from biblical Onan].”
He believed that a daily dose of whole grains would eliminate the desire to masturbate, and he created his Corn Flakes cereal for this expressed purpose.
Distinct Separate Human Form
From the Eugenics movement of the 19th century, some members of the scientific community viewed people attracted to their own sex and others who expressed gender diversity as constituting distinct biological or racial types — those who could be distinguished from “normal” people through anatomical markers.
For example, Dr. G. Frank Lydston, a urologist, delivered a lecture in 1889 at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Chicago in which he referred to homosexuals as “sexual perverts” who are “physically abnormal.”
US medical doctor, Allan McLane Hamilton wrote in an 1896 publication titled the American Journal of Insanity that, “The [female homosexual] is usually of a masculine type, or if she presented none of the ‘characteristics’ of the male, was a subject of pelvic disorder, with scanty menstruation, and was more or less hysterical and insane.”
Physician, Perry M. Lichtenstein, who co-published A Handbook of Psychiatry, wrote in 1921 that, “A physical examination of [female homosexuals] will in practically every instance disclose an abnormally prominent clitoris.”
And he expressively added, “This is particularly so in colored women.”
In 1857 in France, Ambroise Tardieu wrote that, “This degeneracy is evidenced in men who engage in same-sex eroticism by their underdeveloped, tapered penis resembling that of a dog, and a naturally smooth anus lacking in radial folds.”
The Swiss psychiatrist, August Forel, wrote in 1906 that “the [sexual] excesses of female inverts [homosexuals] exceed those of the male” and that “this is their one thought night and day almost without interruption.”
He also claimed that male homosexuals “feel the need for passive submission” and “occupy themselves with feminine pursuits,” while “nearly all [female and male] inverts are in a more or less marked degree psychopaths and neurotics.”
Dr. Havelock Ellis, was one of the relatively more “progressive” physicians by current standards, one who did not consider same-sex attractions as a disease. In a 1902 article, however, he concluded that, “Women’s colleges are the great breeding ground of lesbianism….They learn the pleasure of direct contact … and after this, the normal sex act fails to satisfy them.”
Joseph Stalin, for example, recriminalized homosexuality in the Soviet Union in 1933 and claimed it was the result of “fascist decadence.”
In post-revolutionary Cuba, Fidel Castro argued that homosexuality is “a product of bourgeois capitalist decadence” and that homosexuals are “counterrevolutionary” and “agents of imperialism.” The Castro government forcefully interned great numbers of suspected homosexuals in “work [concentration] camps.”
The Chinese Communist Party declared homosexuality a sign of “bourgeois decadence.” And Vladimir Putin of Russia views homosexuality as a product of American and Western “femininization” and decadence. Ugandan president, Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, called homosexuality “a decadent culture…being passed by Western nations.”
Dr. Paul McHugh, professor of psychiatry, former chief psychiatrist at Johns Hopkins Hospital, and member of faculty at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine terms trans people as “counterfeits,” “impersonators,” “confused” and “mad.” His fake science has often been used by anti-trans activists in court cases to defeat trans protection laws and pass discriminatory legislation against trans people.
Others view homosexuality as criminal offenses. Richard von Krafft-Ebing, for example, 19th-century Austrian sex researcher wrote that it was product of vice.
Radio talk show host, Laura Ingrahm claimed both biological causes and criminal outcomes. “I’m sorry, hear it one more time perfectly clearly: If you’re gay or a lesbian, it’s a biological error that inhibits you from relating normally to the opposite sex,” she said, plus “A huge portion of the male homosexual populace is predatory on young boys.”
The so-called Child and Family Institute propagandizes a bogus study that ludicrously claims:
- Homosexuals were about twice as likely to have been arrested for a non-sexual crime and about 8 times more apt to have been arrested for a sexual crime
- Homosexuals were about twice as apt to have been convicted of a sexual crime and about twice as likely to have been jailed for a crime
- Homosexuals were about three times more likely to admit to having made an obscene phone call
- Homosexuals were about 50% more apt to claim that they had recently shoplifted, cheated on their income tax, or not been caught for a crime.
Approximately 80 nations around the world still criminalize homosexual relations. In Iran, the government has conducted an estimated 4000+ executions of accused homosexuals since the Islamic revolution of 1979.
Finding a Cure
Rather than debating the so-called “causes” of sexuality and gender identity and expression, we need to center discussions in the area of social justice. If, however, we are stuck on looking at “causes,” let’s concentrate on investigating the causes of prejudice and discrimination.
Then maybe we can find a cure.