LONDON — A groundbreaking research poll commissioned by the LGBTQ charity and advocacy group Stonewall UK, showed that lesbian, gay and bisexual persons in Britain are far more likely to end up living alone and have less contact with family in later life than heterosexual people.
The research demonstrates that older gay and bisexual men are around three times more likely to be single than heterosexual men. Noting that while almost nine in ten heterosexual older people have children who may offer care and support in later life, this figure is just over a quarter of gay and bisexual men and just under a half of lesbian and bisexual women.
Lesbian, gay and bisexual people are also half as likely to regularly see members of their biological family. Less than a quarter see family members at least once a week, compared with more than half of heterosexual people.
This reduced network of support – compared to their heterosexual peers – means older lesbian, gay and bisexual people are more likely to rely on formal social care. However, while they were nearly twice as likely to rely on government programs and social services than heterosexual people, three in five are not confident that social care services will meet their needs.
Stonewall UK’s study report; Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual People in Later Life, raises significant questions for how Britain responds to the needs of one million lesbian, gay and bisexual people over the age of 55.
Ben Summerskill, Stonewall UK’s Chief Executive, said:
“This pioneering research confirms what many lesbian, gay and bisexual people know anecdotally – hundreds of thousands are growing older lacking family and support structures that straight people frequently take for granted, often because they have been estranged from their families. We’re also facing a care time bomb of institutional ignorance about how to serve our community properly.”
The study’s results also presented numerous wide-ranging recommendations for government groups such as the UK’s Department of Health and the Care Quality Commission as well as for independent social service bodies that cater to the elderly in Britain.
“Gay people make a £40bn contribution every year to the cost of our public services,” said Summerskill. “Quite rightly, they want the services they pay for to meet their needs.”