41 writers return Indian award, cite climate of intolerance

Kashmiri writer and senior Journalist Ghulam Nabi Khayal reads a magazine at his residence on the outskirts of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, Oct. 14, 2015. Dozens of writers, including Khayal, have returned India's highest literary honor to protest what they call a growing climate of intolerance in the country since Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government took office.

Kashmiri writer and senior Journalist Ghulam Nabi Khayal reads a magazine at his residence on the outskirts of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, Oct. 14, 2015. Dozens of writers, including Khayal, have returned India's highest literary honor to protest what they call a growing climate of intolerance in the country since Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government took office. AP Photo/Dar Yasin

Kashmiri writer and senior Journalist Ghulam Nabi Khayal reads a magazine at his residence on the outskirts of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, Oct. 14, 2015. Dozens of writers, including Khayal, have returned India's highest literary honor to protest what they call a growing climate of intolerance in the country since Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government took office. AP Photo/Dar Yasin

Kashmiri writer and senior Journalist Ghulam Nabi Khayal reads a magazine at his residence on the outskirts of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Wednesday, Oct. 14, 2015. Dozens of writers, including Khayal, have returned India‘s highest literary honor to protest what they call a growing climate of intolerance in the country since Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government took office.

NEW DELHI (AP) — Many in India’s literary community are disgusted. Dozens of writers say every day brings more evidence of intolerance and bigotry going mainstream — a man lynched allegedly for eating beef, an atheist critic of Hindu idol worship gunned down — all met by a deafening silence from the government.

As of Wednesday, 41 novelists, essayists, playwrights and poets had returned the awards they received from India’s prestigious literary academy to protest what they call a growing climate of intolerance under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government.

The writers are also angry that India’s Sahitya Akademi, or National Academy of Letters, has said little about the murder of the well-known rationalist Malleshappa Kalburgi, an award-winning Kannada-language writer, gunned down in August for his writings against superstition and false beliefs.

The government has dismissed the writers’ protests, questioning their motives and accusing them of being politically motivated.

“If they say they are unable to write, let them stop writing,” culture minister Mahesh Sharma told reporters.

The writers say they cannot remain mute spectators to numerous incidents of communal violence, attacks on intellectuals and increasing curbs on free speech.

“It’s become a question of an individual’s right to speak, to think, to write, to eat, to dress, to debate,” said Maya Krishna Rao, a playwright and theater actress, who returned her award to the academy this week.

When Modi won a landslide victory in May 2014, many voiced fears of right-wing Hindu nationalism leading to communal violence and religious intolerance. Modi, who had spent years dodging allegations of failing to stop riots in Gujarat state in which around 1,000 Muslims died, assured the nation that he was prime minister for all and would work for everyone.

But the last year has seen a rising crescendo of violence by Hindu fringe groups, trying to force a regressive Hindu nationalism on all, causing fear among India’s minority communities. State governments ruled by the BJP have cracked down on cow slaughter, and even buffalo meat, a key source of protein for poor Muslims and lower caste Hindus, has become scarce. The ban on cow slaughter has given rise to Hindu vigilante groups and mob violence has risen. Last month a Muslim man was lynched in northern India over false rumors that his family had eaten beef for dinner.

On Wednesday, in response to persistent demands that the prime minister break his silence on the lynching, Modi said the mob killing was “sad and undesirable,” but added that his government could not be blamed as the local administration was responsible for the state.

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