“Cincinnati became known nationwide as a city with an ‘anti-gay’ law,” The Cincinnati Enquirer stated in a 2004 editorial, saying the “damage has been pervasive and expensive.”
Gay people were leaving town or refusing jobs in Cincinnati, the city lost tens of millions of dollars in convention business from groups who canceled plans, and convention officials said other groups informed them they wouldn’t consider holding conventions here because of the perceived hostility to gay people.
Coming in the aftermath of 2001 race riots that led to a convention boycott over police treatment of blacks, the campaign to repeal the charter amendment added to an image of intolerance.
“I think people decided, ‘That’s really not how we want to see ourselves,’” Gerhardstein said.
Seelbach credits years of door-to-door campaigning, talking to people face-to-face and explaining the need for equal protections. Key business leaders worked together to push for change. Voters supported the 2004 charter repeal, in 2005 Mark Mallory became the first directly elected black mayor, the city hired its first black police chief in 2011, and Seelbach was elected that year and re-elected in 2013.
More subtly, “Star Trek” actor and gay rights advocate George Takei served as grand marshal last year of the city’s popular Oktoberfest Zinzinnati celebration. And Mayor John Cranley recently addressed another area for diversity, launching an initiative aimed at making Cincinnati “the most immigrant-friendly city” in the country.
Meanwhile, people on both sides of the same-sex marriage issue plan demonstrations in Cincinnati this week. A major outdoor rally is planned Tuesday evening in support of gay rights.
Burress’ group has urged prayer vigils urging the judges to uphold marriage defined as between a man and a woman. He said during the arguments, people will walk and pray quietly outside the downtown federal court building.
“We’re on the defense,” Burress said. “We’re defending the institution of marriage.”
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