AMSTERDAM — After getting an earful from Chancellor Angela Merkel on the importance of democratic issues, Russian President Vladimir Putin arrived in Amsterdam on Monday to face an eyeful of protests from gay rights activists.
Rainbow flags were flying at half-staff around the Dutch city and rights groups planned a major protest against Russian gay rights policies.
In January, Russian lawmakers tentatively approved a bill that makes gay public events and the dissemination of information about the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community to minors punishable by fines of up to $16,000. It still requires final approval by parliament and would have to be signed by Putin to become law.
Putin’s visit aims to showcase growing economic ties between the two countries. With $83 billion in bilateral trade last year, the Netherlands outpaced Germany to become Russia’s No. 1 trading partner in Europe and its second biggest partner in the wor ld after China.
Putin is also widely expected to announce a deal between Gazprom and Royal Dutch Shell PLC on developing gas fields above the Arctic circle in Siberia.
Amsterdam deputy mayor Andrée van Es said the city appreciates the importance of trade and was glad to host Putin, but it was also supporting the protests with a rainbow flag outside city hall.
“We see Russia as an important trading partner, but Amsterdam has an identity of what I call hyper-diversity… and we very much want to be able to express that, even to our important trading partners,” she said Monday.
In 2001, the Netherlands became the first country in the world to legalize gay marriage.
Russia decriminalized homosexuality in 1993, but homophobia remains strong in the country and authorities routinely ban gay pride parades. The new bill includes a ban on holding public events that promote gay rights.
Authors of the bill, which is backed by the Kremlin’s dominant United Russia party, say minors need to be protected from “homosexual propaganda” because they are unable to critically assess the information. Critics say the legislation contradicts Russia’s international obligations and is part of the Kremlin crackdown on minority groups and critics.
“A lot of people are worried about human rights in Russia in general, but focus is very much on gay rights because of that bill,” Van Es said.
Outside the Hermitage Museum in Amsterdam, where Putin is to meet the Netherlands’ Queen Beatrix and Prime Minister Mark Rutte, activists from Amnesty International hung signs satirizing Russian policy.
“No gay rights propaganda beyond this point,” read one poster. “Do not frighten President Putin: keep this area human rights free,” read another.
The activists also used fake police tape to block off access to the museum, with the message “critical journalists not allowed.”
Putin’s trip was timed to kick off a year of cultural exchanges. He and Queen Beatrix are to visit an exhibition in the Hermitage dedicated to Peter the Great, the Russian czar who founded St. Petersburg and sought to open up closer ties with Europe.
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